Chapter 17. Analyzing Community Problems and Solutions | Section 3. Defining and Analyzing the Problem | Main Section (2023)

Learn how to determine the nature of the problem, clarify the problem, decide to solve the problem, and analyze the problem with our process.

  • The nature of problems

  • Clarifying the problem

  • Deciding to solve the problem

  • Analyzing the problem

We've all had our share of problems - more than enough, if you come right down to it. So it's easy to think that this section, on defining and analyzing the problem, is unnecessary. "I know what the problem is," you think. "I just don't know what to do about it."

Not so fast! A poorly defined problem - or a problem whose nuances you don't completely understand - is much more difficult to solve than a problem you have clearly defined and analyzed. The way a problem is worded and understood has a huge impact on the number, quality, and type of proposed solutions.

In this section, we'll begin with the basics, focusing primarily on four things. First, we'll consider the nature of problems in general, and then, more specifically, on clarifying and defining the problem you are working on. Then, we'll talk about whether or not you really want to solve the problem, or whether you are better off leaving it alone. Finally, we'll talk about how to do an in-depth analysis of the problem.

The nature of problems

So, what is a problem? It can be a lot of things. We know in our gut when there is a problem, whether or not we can easily put it into words. Maybe you feel uncomfortable in a given place, but you're not sure why. A problem might be just the feeling that something is wrong and should be corrected. You might feel some sense of distress, or of injustice.

Stated most simply, a problem is the difference between what is, and what might or should be. "No child should go to bed hungry, but one-quarter of all children do in this country," is a clear, potent problem statement. Another example might be, "Communication in our office is not very clear." In this instance, the explanation of "what might or should be" is simply alluded to.

As these problems illustrate, some problems are more serious thanothers; the problem of child hunger is a much more severe problem than the fact that the new youth center has no exercise equipment, although both are problems that can and should be addressed. Generally, problems that affect groups of people - children, teenage mothers, the mentally ill, the poor - can at least be addressed and in many cases lessened using the process outlined in this Chapter.

Although your organization may have chosen to tackle a seemingly insurmountable problem, the process you will use to solve it is not complex. It does, however, take time, both to formulate and to fully analyze the problem. Most people underestimate the work they need to do here and the time they'll need to spend. But this is the legwork, the foundation on which you'll lay effective solutions. This isn't the time to take shortcuts.

Three basic concepts make up the core of this chapter: clarifying, deciding, and analyzing. Let's look at each in turn.

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Clarifying the problem

If you are having a problem-solving meeting, then you already understand that something isn't quite right - or maybe it's bigger than that; you understand that something is very, very wrong. This is your beginning, and of course, it makes most sense to...

  • Start with what you know. When group members walk through the door at the beginning of the meeting, what do they think about the situation? There are a variety of different ways to garner this information. People can be asked in advance to write down what they know about the problem. Or the facilitator can lead a brainstorming session to try to bring out the greatest number of ideas. Remember that a good facilitator will draw out everyone's opinions, not only those of the more vocal participants.
  • Decide what information is missing. Information is the key to effective decision making. If you are fighting child hunger, do you know which children are hungry? When are they hungry - all the time, or especially at the end of the month, when the money has run out? If that's the case, your problem statement might be, "Children in our community are often hungry at the end of the month because their parents' paychecks are used up too early."

Compare this problem statement on child hunger to the one given in "The nature of problems" above. How might solutions for the two problems be different?

  • Gather information on the problem. You might collect any of several types of information available. Most commonly, what you hear or read will fall into one of the following categories:
    • Facts (15% of the children in our community don't get enough to eat.)
    • Inference (A significant percentage of children in our community are probably malnourished/significantly underweight.)
    • Speculation (Many of the hungry children probably live in the poorer neighborhoods in town.)
    • Opinion (I think the reason children go hungry is because their parents spend all of their money on cigarettes.)

When you are gathering information, you will probably hear all four types of information, and all can be important. Speculation and opinion can be especially important in gauging public opinion. If public opinion on your issue is based on faulty assumptions, part of your solution strategy will probably include some sort of informational campaign.

For example, perhaps your coalition is campaigning against the death penalty, and you find that most people incorrectly believe that the death penalty deters violent crime. As part of your campaign, therefore, you will probably want to make it clear to the public that it simply isn't true.

Where and how do you find this information? It depends on what you want to know. You can review surveys, interviews, the library and the internet.

  • Define the problem. With the information in front of you, you're ready to write down a "problem statement" - a comprehensive definition of the problem. Before you do, remember two general principles:
    • Define the problem in terms of needs, and not solutions. If you define the problem in terms of possible solutions, you're closing the door to other, possibly more effective solutions. "Violent crime in our neighborhood is unacceptably high," offers space for many more possible solutions than, "We need more police patrols," or, "More citizens should have guns to protect themselves."
    • Define the problem as one everyone shares; avoid assigning blame for the problem. This is particularly important if different people (or groups) with a history of bad relations need to be working together to solve the problem. Teachers may be frustrated with high truancy rates, but blaming students uniquely for problems at school is sure to alienate students from helping to solve the problem.

You can define the problem in several ways; The facilitator can write a problem statement on the board, and everyone can give feedback on it, until the statement has developed into something everyone is pleased with, or you can accept someone else's definition of the problem, or use it as a starting point, modifying it to fit your needs.

After you have defined the problem, ask if everyone understands the terminology being used. Define the key terms of your problem statement, even if you think everyone understands them.

The Hispanic Health Coalition, has come up with the problem statement "Teen pregnancy is a problem in our community." That seems pretty clear, doesn't it? But let's examine the word "community" for a moment. You may have one person who defines community as "the city you live in," a second who defines it as, "this neighborhood" and a third who considers "our community" to mean Hispanics.

Deciding to solve the problem

At this point, you have already spent a fair amount of time on the problem at hand, and naturally, you want to see it taken care of. Before you go any further, however, it's important to look critically at the problem and decide if you really want to focus your efforts on it. You might decide that right now isn't the best time to try to fix it. Maybe your coalition has been weakened by bad press, and chance of success right now is slim. Or perhaps solving the problem right now would force you to neglect another important agency goal. Or perhaps this problem would be more appropriately handled by another existing agency or organization.

You and your group need to make a conscious choice that you really do want to attack the problem. Many different factors should be a part of your decision. These include:

Importance. In judging the importance of the issue, keep in mind the feasibility. Even if you have decided that the problem really is important, and worth solving, will you be able to solve it, or at least significantly improve the situation? The bottom line: Decide if the good you can do will be worth the effort it takes. Are you the best people to solve the problem? Is someone else better suited to the task?

For example, perhaps your organization is interested in youth issues, and you have recently come to understand that teens aren't participating in community events mostly because they don't know about them. A monthly newsletter, given out at the high schools, could take care of this fairly easily.

Unfortunately, you don't have much publishing equipment. You do have an old computer and a desktop printer, and you could type something up, but it's really not your forte.

A better solution might be to work to find writing, design and/or printing professionals who would donate their time and/or equipment to create a newsletter that is more exciting, and that students would be more likely to want to read.

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Negative impacts. If you do succeed in bringing about the solution you are working on, what are the possible consequences? If you succeed in having safety measures implemented at a local factory, how much will it cost? Where will the factory get that money? Will they cut salaries, or lay off some of their workers?

Even if there are some unwanted results, you may well decide that the benefits outweigh the negatives. As when you're taking medication, you'll put up with the side effects to cure the disease. But be sure you go into the process with your eyes open to the real costs of solving the problem at hand.

Choosing among problems

You might have many obstacles you'd like to see removed. In fact, it's probably a pretty rare community group that doesn't have a laundry list of problems they would like to resolve, given enough time and resources. So how do you decide which to start with?

A simple suggestion might be to list all of the problems you are facing, and whether or not they meet the criteria listed above (importance, feasibility, et cetera). It's hard to assign numerical values for something like this, because for each situation, one of the criteria may strongly outweigh the others. However, just having all of the information in front of the group can help the actual decision making a much easier task.

Analyzing the problem

Now that the group has defined the problem and agreed that they want to work towards a solution, it's time to thoroughly analyze the problem. You started to do this when you gathered information to define the problem, but now, it's time to pay more attention to details and make sure everyone fully understands the problem.

Answer all of the question words.

The facilitator can take group members through a process of understanding every aspect of the problem by answering the "question words" - what, why, who, when, and how much. This process might include the following types of questions:

What is the problem? You already have your problem statement, so this part is more or less done. But it's important to review your work at this point.

Why does the problem exist? There should be agreement among meeting participants as to why the problem exists to begin with. If there isn't, consider trying one of the following techniques.

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  • The "but why" technique. This simple exercise can be done easily with a large group, or even on your own. Write the problem statement, and ask participants, "Why does this problem exist?" Write down the answer given, and ask, "But why does (the answer) occur?"

"Children often fall asleep in class,"

But why?

"Because they have no energy."

But why?

"Because they don't eat breakfast."

But why?

Continue down the line until participants can comfortably agree on the root cause of the problem. Agreement is essential here; if people don't even agree about the source of the problem, an effective solution may well be out of reach.

  • "Force field analysis." The "but why" technique asks you to dig deep to find the cause of the problem. With force field analysis, you will be looking more broadly at the issue and the forces surrounding it.
    • Start with the definition you penned above.
    • Draw a line down the center of the paper. Or, if you are working with a large group of people who cannot easily see what you are writing, use two pieces.
    • On the top of one sheet/side, write "Restraining Forces."
    • On the other sheet/side, write, "Driving Forces."
    • Under "Restraining Forces," list all of the reasons you can think of that keep the situation the same; why the status quo is the way it is. As with all brainstorming sessions, this should be a "free for all;" no idea is too "far out" to be suggested and written down.
    • In the same manner, under "Driving Forces," list all of the forces that are pushing the situation to change.
    • When all of the ideas have been written down, group members can edit them as they see fit and compile a list of the important factors that are causing the situation.

Clearly, these two exercises are meant for different times. The "but why" technique is most effective when the facilitator (or the group as a whole) decides that the problem hasn't been looked at deeply enough and that the group's understanding is somewhat superficial. The force field analysis, on the other hand, can be used when people are worried that important elements of the problem haven't been noticed -- that you're not looking at the whole picture.

Who is causing the problem, and who is affected by it? A simple brainstorming session is an excellent way to determine this.

When did the problem first occur, or when did it become significant? Is this a new problem or an old one? Knowing this can give you added understanding of why the problem is occurring now. Also, the longer a problem has existed, the more entrenched it has become, and the more difficult it will be to solve. People often get used to things the way they are and resist change, even when it's a change for the better.

How much, or to what extent, is this problem occurring? How many people are affected by the problem? How significant is it? Here, you should revisit the questions on importance you looked at when you were defining the problem. This serves as a brief refresher and gives you a complete analysis from which you can work.

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If time permits, you might want to summarize your analysis on a single sheet of paper for participants before moving on to generating solutions, the next step in the process. That way, members will have something to refer back to during later stages in the work.

Also, after you have finished this analysis, the facilitator should ask for agreement from the group. Have people's perceptions of the problem changed significantly? At this point, check back and make sure that everyone still wants to work together to solve the problem.

In Summary

The first step in any effective problem-solving process may be the most important. Take your time to develop a critical definition, and let this definition, and the analysis that follows, guide you through the process. You're now ready to go on to generating and choosing solutions, which are the next steps in the problem-solving process, and the focus of the following section.

Print Resources

Avery, M., Auvine, B., Streibel, B., & Weiss, L. (1981). A handbook for consensus decision making: Building united judgement. Cambridge, MA: Center for Conflict Resolution.

Dale, D., &Mitiguy, N. Planning, for a change: A citizen's guide to creative planning and program development.

Dashiell, K.(1990). Managing meetings for collaboration and consensus. Honolulu, HI: Neighborhood Justice Center of Honolulu, Inc.

Interaction Associates (1987). Facilitator institute. San Francisco, CA: Author.

Lawson, L., Donant, F., &Lawson, J. (1982). Lead on! The complete handbook for group leaders. San Luis Obispo, CA: Impact Publishers.

(Video) SPSS Tutorial: One Way ANOVA

Meacham, W. (1980). Human development training manual. Austin, TX: Human Development Training.

Morrison, E. (1994). Leadership skills: Developing volunteers for organizational success. Tucson, AZ: Fisher Books.


What are the common problems in the community? ›

List of Local Community Problems
  • Access to Clean Drinking Water.
  • Child Abuse and Neglect.
  • Crime.
  • Domestic Violence.
  • Drug Use.
  • Pollution.
  • Lack of Funding for Schools.
  • Ethnic Conflict.
11 Jul 2022

What do you think is the importance of interpreting solutions in your problems? ›

When the problem is not well understood, “solutions” only create new problems. In fact, there's no guarantee the solutions will address the problem at all. Conversely, the more we understand the problem, the more likely we understand the root cause and can create countermeasures so the problem won't recur.

How do you solve the problem? ›

Six step guide to help you solve problems
  1. Step 1: Identify and define the problem. State the problem as clearly as possible. ...
  2. Step 2: Generate possible solutions. ...
  3. Step 3: Evaluate alternatives. ...
  4. Step 4: Decide on a solution. ...
  5. Step 5: Implement the solution. ...
  6. Step 6: Evaluate the outcome.

What is the example of problem solution? ›

Problem-Solution Examples

Solution 1: Change the laws to make it more difficult for couples to divorce. Solution 2: Impose a mandatory waiting period on couples before they can get married. Environmental Problem: What should we do to reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?

How do you define and analyze a problem? ›

Key steps to problem analysis:
  1. Problem: Is there a deviation from expectation? First, clearly define the problem. ...
  2. Evidence: What's the proof that the problem is real? ...
  3. Impacts: Why do we care? ...
  4. Causes: What's driving the problem? ...
  5. Recommendations: Simple; just reverse the causes!
7 Feb 2017

What are the problems of community development? ›

They are (1) ambiguity of objectives in community development; (2) the lack of a clearly articulated causal model of the community development process; (3) inability to control assignment to experimental and control groups or communities; (4) a combination of weak effects, crude measurement, and small samples; and (5) ...

What is the importance of knowing how do you solve problems involving probability in real life situation? ›

Probability plays a vital role in the day to day life. In the weather forecast, sports and gaming strategies, buying or selling insurance, online shopping, and online games, determining blood groups, and analyzing political strategies.

What strategies solutions means can you employ to improve the situation solve the problem? ›

Here are some examples of problem-solving strategies you can practice using to see which works best for you in different situations:
  • Define the problem. ...
  • Visualize the problem. ...
  • Draw a diagram of the problem. ...
  • Break the problem into smaller pieces. ...
  • Redefine the problem. ...
  • Collect and organize information about the problem.

What is the importance of problem-solving and decision-making? ›

Problem-solving and decision-making skills are both important because they can help you to navigate a variety of situations that might comeup at work. They complement one another and can be used to resolve many of the same issues. Both problem-solving and decision-making involve critical thinking.

What are the 4 steps in analyzing and solving a problem? ›

The four steps are as follows:
  • Analyze—Understand the root cause.
  • Plan—Determine how to resolve the problem.
  • Implement—Put the resolution in place.
  • Evaluate—Determine if the resolution is producing the desired results.
26 Jan 2021

How do you write a problem-solution essay example? ›

Writing Your Essay
  • Interest your reader in the problem.
  • Convince your reader that the problem is important and needs to be solved.
  • Explain your solution clearly.
  • Convince the reader that your solution is cost-effective and feasible.
  • Convince your reader that your solution is better than other solutions.
14 Jun 2022

How can I write a problem-solution paragraph? ›

A problem-solution paragraph has three main parts. The topic sentence introduces the solution to a problem. The body sentences explain the problem and solution. The ending sentence calls readers to action.

What is problem-solution essay example? ›

Problem-solution essays consider the problems of a particular situation, and give solutions to those problems. They are in some ways similar to cause and effect essays, especially in terms of structure (see below).

What is the definition of problem what are the steps to solve the problem explain in detail? ›

Problem solving is the act of defining a problem; determining the cause of the problem; identifying, prioritizing, and selecting alternatives for a solution; and implementing a solution. The problem-solving process. Problem solving resources.

What is an example of a problem statement? ›

We must reduce our turnaround time by 50%, improve response time and follow through significantly to improve communication and meet our targets.” A problem statement defines the gap between your desired goal and the current state of things.

How many steps are involved in defining a problem? ›

All six steps are followed in order – as a cycle, beginning with “1. Identify the Problem.” Each step must be completed before moving on to the next step.

What are social problems and examples? ›

A social problem is an issue within the society that makes it difficult for people to achieve their full potential. Poverty, unemployment, unequal opportunity, racism, and malnutrition are examples of social problems. So are substandard housing, employment discrimination, and child abuse and neglect.

What are the types of social problems? ›

What are social problems? Edit
  • Anti social behavior/Crime. Rape. Crime and Cyber crime. Human Trafficking. Sexual abuse. High crime rate. Child abuse.
  • Poverty.
  • Drug abuse.
  • Alcohol abuse.
26 Apr 2022

What is social problem short answer? ›

The term “social problem” is usually taken to refer to social conditions that disrupt or damage society—crime, racism, and the like. “Social Problems” is the title of an undergraduate course taught at many colleges; a typical course discusses what is known about a series of conditions considered social problems.

What are the effects of social problems? ›

Social problem very adversely affect our society.

One of the major effects is that our harmony disturbed and in its stead in the society there is hostility and suspicion. These also result in large-scale social dissatisfaction and create suffering and misery.

How can social problems be overcome? ›

How to Solve a Social Problem
  1. Focus on the Outliers.
  2. Set measurable goals with a scary deadline.
  3. Focus on the obvious thing.
  4. Build the broadest team possible.
  5. Experiment in short cycles.
22 Jan 2014

What are the 5 principles of community development? ›

Community development is a holistic approach grounded in principles of empowerment, human rights, inclusion, social justice, self-determination and collective action (Kenny, 2007).

What are the factors that affect factors that community participation? ›

Such factors range from direct benefits (financial, material or otherwise), tangible or non-tangible to long or short term, among others. Other factors such as culture, history, government policy and social, political and economic structures influence community participation ( Botes & Rensburg, 2000).

What are the factors affecting participation of people in community based organization? ›

These factors consists of leadership, diversity of the communication channel in the community, communication in the community, developing infrastructure in community's communication, giving precedence to the social and economic group in the community,Doing traditional and cultural activity regularly in the problem or ...

How Can challenging problems involving functions be analyzed and solved? ›

They can be analyzed and solved by reading the problem, finding words for any functions you may need to use, find the operation for the function, and solving by using a said function with the said operation.

How does solving problems involving probability affect your decision making skills? ›

You can calculate the probability that an event will happen by dividing the number of ways that the event can happen by the number of total possibilities. Probability can help you to make better decisions, such as deciding whether or not to play a game where the outcome may not be immediately obvious.

Why do you think is the study of probability important in making decisions in real life? ›

Probability provides information about the likelihood that something will happen. Meteorologists, for instance, use weather patterns to predict the probability of rain. In epidemiology, probability theory is used to understand the relationship between exposures and the risk of health effects.

How can decision making and problem-solving skills be improved? ›

4 Tips to Improve Your Problem Solving Skills
  1. Focus on the solution. It's easy to become hyperfocused on the conditions that created the problem. ...
  2. Clearly define the problem. It's hard to solve a nebulous problem you never took the time to clearly define. ...
  3. Agree on a process. ...
  4. Be sure to use active listening.
7 Jun 2021

What strategies or method did you create to solve the word problems? ›

Here are the seven strategies I use to help students solve word problems.
  • Read the Entire Word Problem. ...
  • Think About the Word Problem. ...
  • Write on the Word Problem. ...
  • Draw a Simple Picture and Label It. ...
  • Estimate the Answer Before Solving. ...
  • Check Your Work When Done. ...
  • Practice Word Problems Often.

What is the main problem of making a decision? ›

Lack of reliable data can be a major hindrance in making apt decisions. Ambiguous and incomplete data often makes it difficult for them to make an appropriate decision, which may not be the best suited for any organization. Any decision attracts a fair deal of risk of resulting into negative outcome.

Why is problem solving important for students? ›

When students practice problem solving consistently, they can develop better social and situational awareness. They will also learn to manage time properly and develop patience. Students who learn to solve problems from childhood are curious, resourceful, and determined.

What steps do you take to analyze a problem before making a decision? ›

7 decision-making process steps
  1. Identify the decision. To make a decision, you must first identify the problem you need to solve or the question you need to answer. ...
  2. Gather relevant information. ...
  3. Identify the alternatives. ...
  4. Weigh the evidence. ...
  5. Choose among alternatives. ...
  6. Take action. ...
  7. Review your decision.

What are the 5 principles to help in problem-solving information and tips? ›

5-steps to Problem Solving
  • Define the problem.
  • Gather information.
  • Generate possible solutions.
  • Evaluate ideas and then choose one.
  • Evaluate.
30 Aug 2012

How can I solve my problem? ›

8 steps to problem solving
  1. Define the problem. What exactly is going on? ...
  2. Set some goals. ...
  3. Brainstorm possible solutions. ...
  4. Rule out any obvious poor options. ...
  5. Examine the consequences. ...
  6. Identify the best solutions. ...
  7. Put your solutions into practice. ...
  8. How did it go?

What are the 5 basic problem-solving techniques that will provide a better interaction and most likely outcomes? ›

Once you know where you're at and where you need to end up, these 5 steps will take you from Point A to Point B:
  • Figure out what's causing the problem. ...
  • Come up with a few viable solutions. ...
  • Choose the best option. ...
  • Put your chosen solution to work. ...
  • Evaluate your outcome.
2 Jul 2020

What are the 4 P's of problem solving? ›

As you can see the problem solving process is a cycle; prep, plan, perform and perfect. You must use your steps wisely and always focus on clearly fulfilling the problem with a solution.

What is the example of problem solution? ›

Problem-Solution Examples

Solution 1: Change the laws to make it more difficult for couples to divorce. Solution 2: Impose a mandatory waiting period on couples before they can get married. Environmental Problem: What should we do to reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?

What are the 7 steps to problem-solving PDF? ›

Here are seven-steps for an effective problem-solving process.
  • Identify the issues. • ...
  • Understand everyone's interests. • ...
  • List the possible solutions (options) • ...
  • Evaluate the options. • ...
  • Select an option or options. • ...
  • Document the agreement(s). • ...
  • Agree on contingencies, monitoring, and evaluation. •

What are the criteria of identifying community problems? ›

Here are the criteria you may consider when identifying community problems:
  • The problem occurs too frequently (frequency)
  • The problem has lasted for a while (duration)
  • The problem affects many people (scope, or range)
  • The problem is disrupting to personal or community life, and possibly intense (severity)
19 Sept 2018

What are the community problems in the Philippines? ›

The Philippines is a country with a lot of social problems. These include environmental degradation, unemployment, inequality, corruption, and lack of access to education. These problems often lead to poverty and desperation as people struggle to make ends meet. Additionally, they can lead to crime.

Why a community needs assessment is important in conceptualizing a community project proposal? ›

A community assessment helps to uncover not only needs and resources, but the underlying culture and social structure that will help you understand how to address the community's needs and utilize its resources.

What is the most important issue our world faces today essay? ›

The major problems that are facing our world today are population, pollution and animal extinction. One of the problems facing our world is population. It began about ten thousand years ago when the humans settled and began farming. The farming provides more food for the people thus making the population grow.

How do you identify a problem? ›

Identify the root cause of the problem by collecting information and then talking with stakeholders. Combining existing research and information from your stakeholders can offer some insight into the problem and its causes. Consider data sources that could help you more clearly define the problem.

What are the steps or process that you will do to address the problem? ›

8-Step Problem Solving Process
  1. Step 1: Define the Problem. What is the problem? ...
  2. Step 2: Clarify the Problem. ...
  3. Step 3: Define the Goals. ...
  4. Step 4: Identify Root Cause of the Problem. ...
  5. Step 5: Develop Action Plan. ...
  6. Step 6: Execute Action Plan. ...
  7. Step 7: Evaluate the Results. ...
  8. Step 8: Continuously Improve.

How can social problems be overcome? ›

How to Solve a Social Problem
  1. Focus on the Outliers.
  2. Set measurable goals with a scary deadline.
  3. Focus on the obvious thing.
  4. Build the broadest team possible.
  5. Experiment in short cycles.
22 Jan 2014

What are the environmental problems you observed in your barangay? ›

Answer: The major problems in our local environment are abandoned vehicles, air pollution, Stray animal's nuisance, flooded sewers, litter, mobile phone masks, noise, pest control, traffic manage- ment and parking, waste disposal, etc.

What is the main cause of poverty in the Philippines? ›

failure to fully develop the agriculture sector; high inflation during crisis periods; high levels of population growth; high and persistent levels of inequality (incomes and assets), which dampen the positive impacts of economic expansion; and.

How are data collected for meaningful results of community needs assessment Brainly? ›

Data for determining community needs can be collected through surveys, questionnaires, focus groups, public meetings, direct observations, and interviews.

What are the 5 steps of community health needs assessment? ›

This workbook explains steps 1, 3, 4 and 5 in detail.
  • Step 1: Plan for a community needs assessment. • Identify and assemble a diverse community team. ...
  • Step 2: Conduct the needs assessment. ...
  • Step 3: Review and rate the data. ...
  • Step 4: Record and review consolidated data. ...
  • Step 5: Develop a community action plan.

What techniques can be used in conducting a community health needs assessment? ›

Many methods exist for conducting an assessment, but generally include:
  • Stakeholder meetings.
  • Community focus groups.
  • Surveys.
  • Interviews with community leaders.
  • Population health and other health-related data.

What are the biggest problems facing the world in the 21st century essay? ›

Hunger, poverty, climate change, population, pollution, floods, droughts, heatwaves, food security are all related to each other. All this can be solved by increasing awareness, education, by increasing research and use of better environment friendly alternatives.

What is the greatest problems the world faces today? ›

Religious Conflict & War.

Political conflict has drastically increased over the years. Terrorism and the rise of religiously-motivated insurgent groups have forced the hand of several governments. As a result, defense spending around the world has risen steadily since 1995 to $1.7 trillion.

How can we save our planet from its environmental problems essay? ›

Ten Simple Things to Save the Earth
  1. Live by the mantra- Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.
  2. Keep our surroundings clean.
  3. Plant more trees.
  4. Conserve water and water bodies.
  5. Educate people about the significance of conserving nature.
  6. Shop wisely.
  7. Cycle more and drive fewer cars on the road.
  8. Use LED lights.


1. ITIL Foundation V4 Chapter 5
(IT School - IT training and job)
2. Engineering Design of Systems Chapter 1 Audio
(D Thomas)
3. Arm Yourself for Life : A Challenge for All of Us, Section III [eBook]
(Click Devotion)
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